The navigation bar on the right
shows a few of the cultivars on the garlic varieties
pages sorted into their major groupings. They include
many heirloom and heritage garlics. The hardneck varieties
are Porcelain, Rocambole, Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple
Stripe and Glazed Purple Stripe. The other garlics are
three varieties of weakly bolting hardnecks and two
varieties of softnecks.
|Garlic beds in early May
Garlic originated in the wild
in Central Asia and has more than 5000 years of history
as an important horticultural crop. Since under normal
circumstances garlic does not produce true seed, there
is no cross fertilization of cultivated varieties. It
is hard to say how many genetically different garlic
clones there actually are under cultivation today. Garlic
is extremely adaptable and after a few years in a particular
locality it will take on a shape, size, colour and flavour
characteristic of its new location. So it is difficult
to tell when differences between garlic plants are environmental
and when they are genetic.
Researchers are now working to restore the fertility
of garlic. Dr. Rina Kamenetsky is one of these researchers
and we are delighted to be able to feature her article
Seeds in Garlic on our website.
Variety is a term that is used loosely. Sometimes it
is used colloquially to refer to each named cultivar
and sometimes it is used technically to refer to the
major groupings. Although the term is used both ways
on this website, on this page it is being used to attempt
botanically correct classification.
Hardneck and Softneck Garlic
True garlic (species:
Allium sativum) has two subspecies, softneck
(sativum) and hardneck (ophioscorodon
– ophios for short). Allium sativum
sativum has two varieties, Silverskin and
Artichoke. Softneck garlics can be planted mechanically
and so the garlics found in supermarkets are
almost all softnecks.
Our understanding of the structure of the garlic
family tree is evolving as mapping the genes
of the varieties and subvarieties continues.
Previously there were thought to be five major
groupings referred to as varieties. Hardnecks
were classified as Porcelain, Rocambole and
Purple Stripe (with the subvarieties Marbled
Purple Stripe and Glazed Purple Stripe), and
softnecks were classified as Artichokes (with
the subvarieties Creole, Asiatic and Turban).
Currently there are considered to be ten varieties,
eight ophios and two softnecks. The ophios (Allium
sativum ophioscorodon) include five true
hardneck varieties (Porcelain,
Stripe and Glazed
Purple Stripe) and three weakly bolting
hardnecks that often produce softnecks (Creole,
Asiatic and Turban).
The true hardneck varieties do well in the
cooler Canadian climates. Hardneck refers to
the scape, or flower stalk, with its topset
of bulbils. Hardnecks take a little more care
to grow because they need to be hand planted
right side up, and to have their scapes snipped
off. They repay that effort with a wealth of
large bulbs and a dazzling choice of robust
and subtle, intriguing and delicious flavours.
has been gleaned from Bob Anderson’s
overview of the garlic family tree. His
article gives more information on the varieties
of garlic and the ongoing research.
An Artichoke softneck garlic
A Purple Stripe hardneck garlic
Seed Garlic Varieties in 2017
After offering the new strains of garlic we got from Al Picketts for several years we are now consolidating our stocks of garlic. We are concentrating on the cultivars that do well on our garlic farm, while keeping a sampling of cultivars from each of the varieties.
We have increased the proportion of Porcelains that we grow as Porcelains are in high demand at the moment – with good reason. They are easy to grow and sell anywhere in Canada. They have never given us problems even when the weather has been difficult.
We are also placing emphasis on the Marbled Purple Stripes as we find many of them to be good commercial garlics. They size up like Porcelains and generally have a couple more cloves per bulb which makes them more economical for planting. Khabar and Wenger's Russian are outstanding garlics, producing large, vigorous bulbs with good strong flavours. Linda Olesky behaves like these but has a very mild flavour, easy to eat raw, making it a good complement to the hotter garlics.
We are in the middle of a major renewal of all our hardneck garlics from 2015 bulbils. The Porcelains and Purples produced small rounds in 2016 and are producing small bulbs in 2017. There will be more of these than we need for our own use. Please get in touch with the office is you are interested in some for your own planting.
Help Making Your Selection
If you find the selection of garlics bewildering allow
us to make some suggestions.
We consider the Porcelain
variety to be the hardiest and recommend it for novices
in cold climates. Leningrad, Music, Northern Quebec, Romanian Red
and Susan Delafield are very popular with backyard
gardeners and commercial growers alike.
Next we would recommend Marbled Purple Stripes. They have more plantable cloves per bulb than Porcelains and do well under a wide variety of conditions. We particularly recommend Khabar and Wenger's Russian as well as the milder Linda Olesky. In wet summers the Marbleds need carefull attention to curing as they can hold moisture.
All the other
true hardneck varieties - Purple
Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe
and Rocambole are also good choices anywhere in Canada.
The standard Purple Stripes, Chesnok Red and Persian
Star, are popular with growers because you get more
plantable cloves per bulb; these garlics like hot summers to size up well. Glazed Purple
Stripes have fragile wrappers which makes the
timing of harvest critical.
more fussy about watering than the other varieties;
they do not tolerate overwatering well. If that is
not a problem where you are we recommend getting some
because of their outstanding flavour. The ones we find are doing best where we are are German Red,
French Rocambole, Salt Spring Select and Spicy Korean Red. They are all rich in flavour.
If your climate is moderate
you may be able to grow the weakly bolting hardnecks
and softnecks more easily than we can in our zone
4. In addition to true hardnecks recommended
for hardiness you can choose from the other garlics
There is great diversity in the three varieties of
weak bolting hardnecks and we are keeping a selection of each. We also have cultivars from the larger, Artichoke,
softneck variety and a couple of small softnecks that keep well and are braidable.
Shopping cart opens in August
If left on the plant to mature the topset or scape
of a hardneck garlic will produce a number of bulbils
which can be planted. This is a way of rapidly increasing
your garlic planting stock. For details see our
Garlic Bulbils page. We recommend you use this approach to refresh or expand your planting stock.
The shopping cart opens for bulk sales on August 20, 2018 at 12:01 Pacific time and opens for general sales on August 22 at 12:01 PDT.
Shopping Cart Open
If you want to be put on our emailing list for notification of the cart opening dates next year send an email with "Cart Open Date" in the subject line to
Prices on ordering page.
GOURMET TREAT - Buy to Eat and for Gifts
Burgundy, a Creole garlic, is special. It has a magical flavour - intense and delicious. We love Burgundy butter on baked potatoes, warm bread and steamed vegetables. Henry is passionate about growing Burgundy and so we have lots. We are making the smaller bulbs available by the half pound package so that you can enjoy eating this wonderful treat without having to grow it yourelf.
On the shopping cart now under Weakly Bolting Hardnecks.
End of Season Clearance Prices
See ordering page for end of season price reductions on all varieties.
2015 Restart Program
The garlics we restarted from bulbils in 2015 are ready for sale this year. All the Rocamboles are from 2015 bulbils and are full size this year.
The Porcelains and Purples are still sizing up. They are a good size this year and are expected to produce larger bulbs for you next year.
Norwegian Creek Farm
Henry's brother Len has started a second garlic business on the family farm. Check out Norwegian Creek Farm to see what they have to offer.